In the present case, it has been held that if a person has a reasonable opportunity to be heard or heard fairly, this constitutes an essential element of the audi alteram partem principle. This condition shall be accompanied by the authority conducting a written or oral hearing at the discretion of the authority, unless the law under which the authority is acting provides otherwise. It is the duty of the power to ensure that the parties concerned have or do not have the opportunity to be heard orally or personally. It is a person`s right to know the facts before taking action, and without knowing the right facts, a person cannot protect himself. The right to notification means the right to be known. The facts must be known to the party before the case is heard. A notification is essential to start a hearing. The notice must include the date, time, place of the hearing and the jurisdiction under which a case is being filed. It must also contain the charges and be proposed against the person. If any of the questions are missing from the notification, it will be considered invalid. The absence of communication does not affect jurisdiction, but the rules of natural justice. The above is a wonderful article on the rights of workers, especially civil servants, who face arbitrary, unethical and often illegal actions by their superiors in their current positions. Please make these articles available in general media, such as newspaper articles, including television.

This will save many careers However, such a rule could be considered under Article 14, so it should be legitimate. The audi alteram partem rule is not methodologically considered applicable to a particular case of “reasonable play in real life”, but since nothing unjustified can be inferred if one has no chance of presenting a case. “Audi alteram partem” is considered in most legal systems as a principle of fundamental justice or equality or as a principle of natural justice. This principle includes the right of a party or its lawyers to confront witnesses against them, to have a fair opportunity to challenge the evidence presented by the other party, to subpoena and present the evidence of their own witnesses, and to have a lawyer, if necessary at the expense of the State, to present their arguments correctly. [3] This maxim means “to hear the other party” or no one should go unnoticed, both parties have the opportunity to be heard. Justice will be done to both parties. Audi alteram partem comes from a Latin expression “audiatur et altera pars”. Its meaning is also the same as that of the other side to hear.

This is a very strong rule that means that no one will be tried without a fair hearing. The reason for this maxim is to give another party the opportunity to respond to the evidence against it. So the question arises, what are the three principles of natural justice? The principle of natural justice or equity is the sine qua non of democratic government. The principles of natural justice include: (a) the rule against prejudice: prejudice may include: (i) personal prejudice; (ii) financial bias; (iii) distortion of the object; (iv) ministerial distortion; (v) Bias of preconceived ideas. The second most important element of the audi alteram partem is fair hearing. If the order was made by the authority without hearing the party or giving the party an opportunity to be heard, it will be considered invalid. Words such as suspension, etc., which are interdisciplinary measures, in such cases there is no need for the rule of natural justice. The rule of natural justice has evolved through human progress. It did not evolve from the Indian Constitution, but from humanity itself. Each person has the privilege of speaking and being heard when charges are laid against the person in question. The Latin maxim “Audi Alteram Partem” is the standard of characteristic justice, in which every individual has the opportunity to be heard. The meaning of a proverb itself is that no individual is denounced without being heard.

Therefore, a judgment on a case is not rendered in the absence of another party. There are many situations in which this rule of natural justice is excluded and the Party does not have the opportunity to be heard. Natural justice implies that justice be granted to both parties in a simple, reasonable and reasonable manner. Under the watchful eye of the Court, both parties are equal and have an equal opportunity to express themselves and prove themselves. The expression is also at the origin of the name of the German car manufacturer Audi. Founder August Horch had left his former company, Motorwagenwerke, after a shareholders` dispute and founded a new company on 16 July 1909, originally called August Horch Automobilwerke GmbH. His former associates sued him for trademark infringement, and the German Imperial Court ruled that the Horch trademark belonged to his former company. [8] Horch therefore called a meeting with close business friends Paul and Franz Fikentscher to find a new name for the company. During this meeting, Franz`s son quietly learned Latin in a corner of the room. Several times he seemed about to say something, but he simply swallowed his words and continued to work until he finally burst out: “Father – audiatur and altera pars. Wouldn`t it be a good idea to call it Audi instead of Horch? [9] “Horch! ” in German means “Hark! ” or “hören”, which is “Audi” in the singular imperative form of “audire” – “to listen” – in Latin.

The idea was enthusiastically accepted by everyone present and the company was registered as Audi Automobilwerke GmbH Zwickau in 1910. [10] Fair trial rule. The maxim audialterampartem emphasizes the rule of fair hearings. It states that no one should be convicted without being heard. It is the first principle of civilized jurisprudence that a person facing the indictment must have the opportunity to be heard before a decision is made against him. […] […] The concept of natural justice is affected where possible, but it is not applied in the event that it is not possible to apply the rule, and in such a situation it is excluded. De Smith said that “no proposition can be settled more obviously than the fact that a man cannot cause the loss of liberty or property for a crime through legal prosecution until he has had a reasonable chance to take note of the evidence against him.” A person will not suffer if he has not had the opportunity to be heard. This is the primary rule of humanized status and is recognized by the laws of men and God.

Before an order is made against a single person, they must be given a reasonable chance to be heard. In this maxim, two principles are considered, namely fundamental justice and equality. In this case, it was decided that the denial of legal representation constitutes a violation of natural justice, because the party was not able to effectively understand the legal norms and should have a chance to be heard again. .